JDBC Architecture, Components, and Working

JDBC Architecture, Components, and Working

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In this blog, We will learn how to perform database operations in Java Programming Language using the JDBC architecture, JDBC components, JDBC API components, and Working of JDBC. Java Training in Kolkata gives a detailed view and clear insights into the effective use and professional applications of the Java programming language in app development and testing and programming 

What is JDBC architecture?

To access a database, the JDBC architecture uses two-tier and three-tier processing models. They are the following: Model with two levels: A java application communicates with the data source directly. The JDBC driver allows the application to communicate with the data source.

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What exactly is JDBC?

JDBC is an abbreviation for Java Database Connectivity. JDBC is a Sun Microsystems specification. JDBC is a Java API (application programming interface) that allows users to interact with and communicate with various databases.

JDBC API classes and interfaces enable the application to send a request to the specified database.

We can use JDBC to write programs that access databases. Databases and spreadsheets can be accessed using JDBC and the database driver. JDBC API can also be used to access enterprise data stored in a relational database (RDB).

Components of JDBC

Components of JDBC


The JDBC API provides various classes, methods, and interfaces that aid in database communication. It also includes two packages that include the Java SE (Standard Edition) and Java EE (Enterprise Edition) platforms in order to demonstrate the WORA (write once, run everywhere) capabilities.

JDBC API also includes a standard for connecting a database to a client application.

The main JDBC API Components are

  • DriverManager
  • Connection
  • Statement
  • ResultSet
  • ResultSetMetadata
  1. JDBC Driver Manager

The JDBC Driver Manager is responsible for loading database-specific drivers into an application. This driver guided instruction to a database connection. It also tends to make a database-specific request to the database so that the user request can be processed.

  1. JDBC Test Suite:

 The JDBC Test Suite aids in the testing of JDBC Driver operations such as insertion, deletion, and updating.

  1. JDBC-ODBC Bridge Drivers: 

This driver connects database drivers to the database. This bridge driver converts JDBC method calls to ODBC method calls. To access ODBC characteristics, it employs a package that includes a native library.

Working of JDBC

Now, let us take a look at how JDBC works. Java software that communicates with a database must be written using the JDBC API.

For JDBC support, we must include JDBC Driver Supporting Data Sources such as Oracle and SQL Server in the Java application. At runtime, we can do this dynamically. This JDBC driver interacts intelligently with the corresponding data source.


In the above content, we have discussed database operations in Java using the JDBC architecture, JDBC components, JDBC API components, and Working of JDBC. If you are intended to learn furthermore about the Java program enroll in Java Training in Trivandrum.